In recent years, many juvenile courts have adopted house arrest with electronic surveillance tethers instead of institutional imprisonment. A new study looked at whether this approach would reduce recidivism in girls involved in the juvenile justice system. The study found that tether was unable to reduce recidivism in girls. In fact, home arrest limits access to girls’ treatment programs, so they can be harmful.
This study by researchers at the University of Cincinnati (UC) and Michigan State University Justice Evaluation Journal, A publication of the Academy of Criminal Justice.
“I believe this is the first study to examine the effectiveness of tethers among girls,” says Valerie R. Anderson, an assistant professor of criminal justice at UC, who led the study. “Most criminal justice practices and policies were developed and tested for boys and men and then applied to girls. Our study is based on policies and evidence for arbitrated girls. It helps to inform the practice. “
House arrest Electronic monitoring (Or tether) is widely used among adults. Individuals are trapped in their homes and wear tethers so they can monitor their location at any time. Tethers are primarily used to ensure compliance with detention requirements, not necessarily to restrict prisoners from leaving their homes.
Juvenile courts have begun to use this approach to reduce the future misconduct of young people and their involvement in the criminal justice system. Tethers are considered an alternative to housing placement as well as an early release of institutional options for continued safe detention, but their effectiveness for girls is unknown.
In this study, researchers used data from the misconduct and school refusal departments of the Midwestern Midwestern Juvenile Family Court from 2004 to 2012. They evaluated the effectiveness of home arrest with tether by comparing 155 girls under house arrest with tether. a Control group Of 155 girls with similar characteristics to the first group who received a curfew or house arrest without tethers. The average age of the girls when they first contacted the court was 14, mostly young people of color.
Researchers rated girls on 41 criteria across eight areas: past / present crime, education, leisure and recreation, peer relationships, substance abuse, family status, attitudes and directions, and personality. They measured recidivism one and two years after the ruling, depending on whether the girls received a new court petition.
The study found that home arrest tethers were not effective in reducing recidivism in girls. Girls who received tether had a significantly higher recidivism rate (52%) two years after being released from house arrest than girls who did not receive tether (35%).
The investigation also found that the court’s petition was likely related to the girl who was tethered. Both tied and untied girls showed the same distribution for other types of crimes (eg, crimes such as property, drugs, status, runaway and school refusal).
The authors suggest that the arbitrated girl’s gender-specific experience may increase the risk of recidivism after home arrest by tether. A descriptive analysis of girls sentenced to electronic monitoring showed significantly higher scores on risk assessment measures that measured education, substance abuse, family dynamics, and other factors.This indicates that the girl is likely to have required an intensive level of treatment and support, but may be completely restricted from engaging due to being detained at home with electronic surveillance. Have sex Treatment program It can reduce the risk of recidivism.
In addition, tethering puts the girl under closer scrutiny, increasing the chances of protection observers observing violations, which could lead to new court petitions, the authors explain. Placing the girl in a home that is unstable and can experience domestic violence can further exacerbate the risk of the girl’s recidivism.
“Tether house arrest is touted as more cost-effective than in-facility imprisonment, and while this type of approach may seem better than detention center, it is still for girls and their families. It’s a disciplinary sanction that doesn’t fully address the risks and needs, “said Laura Rubino, a PhD. A candidate for UC’s criminal justice who co-authored the study. Instead, the author of the study Juvenile justice system We are committed to social support, safety and mental health.
The authors point out some limitations of the study, including the shortcomings of archived data (eg, limited measurement flexibility, lack of gender identity measurement). In addition, racial / ethnic minorities and LGBTQ + girl More research is needed to understand the implications at home, as they are overvalued by the legal system and are always treated more rigorously than their counterparts. Detention Sanctions on diverse groups of young people.
Valerie R. Anderson et al, (In) Effectiveness of Home Arrest Tether to Reduce Recidivism in Girls Participating in the System, Justice Evaluation Journal (2021). DOI: 10.1080 / 24751979.2021.1933570
Provided by the Crime and Justice Research Alliance
Quote: Electronic surveillance failed to reduce recidivism in girls in the juvenile justice system, a study (2021, June 21) found https://phys.org/news/2021-06-electronic-recidivism-girls- It says it got June 21, 2021 from juvenile-justice.html
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Research states that electronic surveillance has failed to reduce girl recidivism in the juvenile justice system.
Source link Research states that electronic surveillance has failed to reduce girl recidivism in the juvenile justice system.